Turin, Italy - LEGO® Architecture
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In the III century b.C. the Taurini tribe settled between the rivers Po and Dora. In the I century b.C. Augustus founded Julia Augusta Taurinorum. After the fall of the Roman Empire Turin fell under the rule of the Lombards. From the XI century began the Savoy dynasty. In the 1861 Turin was the first capital of the Kingdom of Italy.
At the end of XIX century Turin was an important industrial city: there were a lot of car factories.
From XX century Turin is a symbol of “Made in Italy” in the world, for example food and beverage, aerospace engineering, art & design, Radio and TV productions and motion picture industry.
In 2006 Turin hosted the XX Winter Olympic Games.
Today Turin is a touristic city with its museums, historical buildings, jazz and classical festivals and nightlife.
[“Turin is our home.”] Giuseppe Culicchia
alatina Gate was the north gate of Augusta Taurinorum (nowadays Turin) during Roman Empire. It’s an important archeological building dating back to I century b.C. Palatina Gate was used as Turin’s gate until XVII century. In XVIII century there were prisons inside the towers. Near Palatina Gate there are the Cesare Augusto and the Giulio Cesare statues sculpted in 1934. Today Palatina Gate is in the archeological park of Turin.
Palazzo Madama (Casaforte degli Acaja) is in Piazza Castello in the center of Turin. During the Roman Empire it was the eastern gate of Augusta Taurinorum. After the fall of the Roman Empire a castle was built near the gate. From the XIV century the castle was home to the Savoy-Acaja dynasty. In the XVIII century Filippo Juvarra designed a new baroque palace in white stone to hide the medieval castle, but only the front section had been completed. In the XIX century Palazzo Madama hosted the first Senate of the Italian Kingdom. Today Palazzo Madama is Turin’s Museum of Ancient Art.
The Mole Antonelliana is the symbol of Turin. It was designed by Alessandro Antonelli and it was built from 1863 to 1889. In the XIX century it was the tallest building in Europe with its 167,50 meters. Today in the Mole Antonelliana there are the National Museum of Cinema and the panoramic lift. The Mole Antonelliana appears on the reverse of the two-cent Italian euro coins.
Vittorio Emanuele II Monument
Vittorio Emanuele II was the first king of Italy. King Umberto I, his son, dedicated the monument to his father’s memory. The monument, in bronze and granite, was built by the architect Pietro Costa. It was erected between 1882 and 1899. It was inaugurated on September 9, 1899, twenty years after the king’s death. The king's statue rises majestically on tall doric columns. In the sculptural groups at the base of the monument are unity, brotherhood, work and freedom. The monument reaches a considerable height of 39 meters.
Slice of Polenta House
The real name is Scaccabarozzi House, but the citizens call it Slice of polenta for its trapezoidal design. Alessandro Antonelli designed it in 1840 for Scaccabarozzi Francesca, a noble woman. The house has 9 floors (2 are underground) and is 24 meters tall. The front side is 4,35 meters long, the lateral side is 16 meters long and the back side is only 0,54 meters long.
You can download the booklet (PDF) about Turin - LEGO® Achitecture on https://1drv.ms/b/s!AgJDIpSiGNhP6AovMHkW3RwIVurK
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