Architecture - Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh City Skyline
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Ben Thanh Market was
constructed in 1912 by the Brossard et Maupin Construction Company, but it
wasn’t until 1957 that it garnered its current name. There are four main
entrances to the market, each facing one of the main streets in District 1:
Quach Thi Trang, Phan Boi Chau, Le Thanh Ton, and Phan Chu Trinh. In 1985, Ben
Thanh Market underwent a major renovation yet its iconic clock tower still
remained, designed to withstand Saigon’s tropical climate with its concrete
awnings. The market is over 13,000 square meters large, has around 1,500 stalls
selling a variety of items ranging from food to cosmetic products.
The tower was designed
by Carlos Zapata, got the inspiration for this skyscraper's unique shape from
Vietnam's national flower, the Lotus. With the 68-story, 262.5-meter (861ft)
skyscraper is reportedly reminiscent of the lotus flower which Vietnamese
people normally refer to as the floral emblem, while if you focus on the
helipad, the building resembles a CD rack. The tower offers an awe-inspiring
360-degree view of the city.
Basilica (Duc Ba Church)is a cathedral established by French colonists. It
started construction in 1863 and finished in 1880. The cathedral was designed
with a neo-Romanesque style of architecture: the building’s red bricks, colored
windows, and glass squares were originally imported from France. Some features
have been replaced following the destruction caused by war. Saigon Notre-Dame
has two bell towers, one on each side, and a grand Virgin Mary statue in front
of the cathedral. Therefore, visitors are not only drawn towards this landmark
for its architecture but also for its religious and cultural significance.
The coffee apartment at
42 Nguyen Hue is right in the middle of the street in between the Saigon River
and the City Hall that sits on either end of Nguyen Hue. The 42 Nguyen Hue is a
prominent example of a cafe-apartment, yet faces demolition and redevelopment.
It was home to many high-ranking government officials before 1975 and also
served as a residence of US advisors and naval officers. Today the nine-story
building is filled with different stores including coffee shops, co-working
offices and clothes shops.
Nguyen Hue Walking
Street is the most beautiful and largest road in Ho Chi Minh City with colorful
decoration and a modern water fountain system. This is considered the heart of
District 1. The walking zone has two lanes for transportation circulation. It
runs from the Ho Chi Minh City Hall to the Saigon River. Besides, it is the
place to organize parades, meetings, street and flower festivals, exhibitions,
culture and sports activities, art performances… of Ho Chi Minh City.
Designed 165 meters
tall-building and 40 stories high, making it the third tallest structure in
Saigon as of right now. Total construction costs of Times Square add up to
about $125 million USD as it’s also situated amongst the most costly streets in
Saigon. Times Square is a multi-purpose building; it’s composed of a five-star
hotel, apartments, offices, restaurants, bars, a shopping complex, and a
convention center. The building was designed with attention on practicality,
aesthetic qualities, and sustainable use of energy. At night, the building is
vibrantly lit up, illuminating all of its surroundings.
With 461.15 meters
(1,513.0 ft) tall, 81-story building is built on the western banks of the
Saigon River in the city's Binh Thanh District, located just north of Ho Chi
Minh City's historic center and to the immediate south of Saigon Bridge. The
tower is at the heart of the $1.5 billion high-end mixed-use urban areas called
Vinhomes Central Park. The development comprises hotel and conference
facilities, luxury apartments, high-end retail spaces, restaurants, bars, and a
multi-story observation deck at the tower's crown.
Saigon River has 230 km
length across Ho Chi Minh City, which flows from Vietnam - Cambodia border. It
became important because it supplied water to the city and is home to the
Saigon Port, which is a hub for the import and export of goods to and from the
South of Vietnam.
Counselor: Kitty Huynh